The following are but a few of the scholars and eye-witnesses with whom the authors of The Flight of the Hog Wild have discussed the Hog Wild, northern Korea, and Japan's atomic bomb program during WWII ...


Arthur Strilky
Arthur Strilky today
In 1945, Tech Sergeant Arthur Strilky was the Hog Wild's Radio Operator. As he was preparing to bail out from his burning plane, he was ordered to brace for a crash landing on a Soviet airfield in (what is now) Hamhung, North Korea.

Arthur Strilky, the last surviving crewman of the Hog Wild's last mission, was interviewed at length about his experiences aboard the Hog Wild, and his 16-day internment at the Konan POW camp.
Arthur Strilky
Arthur Strilky at 19



Four months prior to Hiroshima, a member of the U.S. Army's Military Intelligence Service (MIS) made the most explosive revelation of WWII. Unfortunately, his superior officer, the head of intelligence in China, didn't take him seriously and chose not to pass the information up the chain of command.

On August 6, 1945, the United States deployed the atomic bomb and won the war. However, had Japan won the race to build the bomb, this Japanese-American would be famously known as the man who did his best to change history.



Richard Rhodes
Richard Rhodes is the two-time Pulitzer prize-winning author of The Making of the Atomic Bomb and Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb.

Both books rely, in part, on an English translation of the "Tonizo Report," a 1943 Japanese atomic bomb document which was smuggled into the United States after the war. Unfortunately, the translation contains numerous errors, which led - in some cases - to incorrect conclusions about Japanese nuclear capability.



Sergei Khrushchev
Prof. Sergei Khrushchev
Sergei Khrushchev is the son of former Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and a scholar of Soviet history at Brown University. He commented on the downing of the Hog Wild from his unique respective.

Among the questions he was asked, include...

Why would Russians pilots and officers befriend the crew of an American plane, just days after nearly causing their death?

Regarding the downing of the Hog Wild, if high-ranking Soviet officers and the the head of the Soviet High Command offer different explanations, whom should be believed?
Sergei_Khrushchev with his father, Nikita
Sergei with his father



Prof. Bruce Cumings
Prof. Bruce Cumings, Ph.D.. is the History Department Chair, University of Chicago. He is an authority in modern Korean history, and the author of several books on the subject, including The Origins of the Korean War - Liberation an Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945-1947.



Prof. Marvin Makinen
In 1961, the 22-year-old student, Marvin W. Makinen, was arrested in the Soviet Union on charges of espionage, and sentenced to eight years imprisonment.

The following year, U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers and the Soviet "superspy" Rudolf Abel were exchanged during the famous "swap" across Berlin's Glienicke Bridge.

Although the release of Makinen was discussed during those highly-sensitive and top-secret negotiations, he was not released until 1963, after having served time in a Moscow prison and a Soviet labor camp.

Today, Marvin Makinen is a professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biophysics at the University of Chicago.



Prof. Frederic Pryor
While Frederic Pryor was a student, working on his Master's thesis, he was arrested and imprisoned for espionage in East Germany. He (along with Gary Powers, the U-2 pilot) was exchanged for the Soviet spy Rudolph Abel.

Unlike the famous "swap" across the Glienicke Bridge that Francis Gary Powers took, Pryor was released at "Checkpoint Charlie" moments before the Soviet spy was permitted to cross.

Today, Frederic Pryor is a professor of economics at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania.



Robert K. Wilcox
Robert K. Wilcox
Robert K. Wilcox is the author of Japan's Secret War and a long-time, staunch defender of the journalist David Snell. In 1980, Wilcox interviewed Snell.

On Oct. 3, 1946, Snell wrote a front-page, headline story in the Atlanta Constitution which claimed that Japanese scientists had built and tested an atomic weapon at sea, just days before Japan surrendered.

When Soviet forces arrived in Hungnam, they discovered the Japanese nuclear facility, kidnapped six of its scientists, and tortured them for their atomic "know-how."

Snell also speculated that the Hog Wild was downed by the Soviets to keep the crew from discovering the former-Japanese nuclear facility.

As an investigative reporter for LIFE Magazine, Snell wrote an article about the Gary Powers spy swap that "piqued the interest of the CIA."
David Snell at LIFE Magazine
David Snell



Prof. Fran de Groen
Prof. Fran de Groen's father was serving with Australia's 8th Division when they surrendered to the Japanese in 1942. He then spent the rest of WWII in a Korean POW camp.

Prof. de Groen is currently an Adjunct Professor with the School of Humanities and Languages at the University of West Sidney. She is collecting oral histories, memoirs and memorabilia from Australian ex-prisoners of war interned in Korean POW camps.



Dr. Herbert York
Dr. Herbert York, is an eminent physicist from the University of California (Berkeley), a member of the Manhattan Project, and the former chief scientist at the Department of Defense.

In 1978, he confirmed rumors that Japan had been working on an atomic bomb during WWII. When asked if that would have changed his opinion about the use of atomic bombs on Japan, he said, "Actually, such knowledge would not have changed my own thinking about Japan, but I imagine that many others might have taken a much harder view of Japan."

Dr. York died on May 19, 2009, a few weeks after he was interviewed by the co-author of Flight of the Hog Wild. Dr. York was asked one crucial question: Did he recall a Korean professor - a student of Albert Einstein - who had studied mathematics under Albert Einstein in Germany and taught at the University of California while Dr. York was at Berkeley doing atomic research.



Ivan Tsapov was Vice Commander of the 14th Fighter Regiment during the Soviet invasion of Korea. When an "unmarked" and "unannounced" American B-29 appeared over a Soviet Air Force base in Hungnam, a four-man "war council" was convened to determine how best to handle the situation.

Tsapov, along with Commander Major Savchenko, ordered the Hog Wild to land. When Lieut. Queen refused, and instead elected to fly out to sea, Yak fighters pursued the Hog Wild, fired on it, forcing the B-29 to crash-land on a Soviet airdrome.
Vice Commander Ivan Tsapov



There were five Allied officers at the Konan POW Camp: three British, one Canadian, and one Australian. Lieutenant Ronald Mill (seen at the right) was the only Australian officer at the Camp during their two year internment.
He wrote the official report on the Konan POW Camp, and drew the official floor plan.

Ronald's son, John Mill, has agreed to wrote a brief introduction to The Flight of the Hog Wild as a tribute to the 354 Allied prisoners who endured so much, and yet have nearly been forgotten...
Ronald Mill and a Russian driver




Bill Gray
After the Hog Wild was forced down by Soviet fighters, two officers and two enlisted men from the Konan POW Camp went searching for the the Hog Wild crew at the Soviet airdrome.

Bill Gray was one of those men.

Until his last day on Earth, his memories of the incident, the Hog Wild crew, and the POW Camp remained sharp. Unfortunately, Bill Gray has recently passed away.
Bill Gray



Visiliy Sibir - a member of General Chistiakov's 25th Army - took part in the Soviet invasion of northern Korea on August 9, 1945. His eyewitness accounts reveal aspects of the Soviet occupation of Hungnam - where the Hog Wild crew was interned for sixteen days - a topic about which most American historians are completely unaware.
Visiliy Sibir




Timur Latypov
Timur Latypov is a Russian Journalist. In December 2006, Latypov interviewed a Tu-4 test pilot Grigory Balakin for the Russian newspaper "Time & Money." During that interview, Balakin explained that he saw the Hog Wild being shot down by Yak fighters, and he gave a rare glimpse into what Russian aviators thought about the interior design of the Tu-4 (a near-copy of the B-29 Superfortress).

Balakin then made one of the most fascinating revelations of this complex story : What became of the Hog Wild after its crew departed Korea?
Grigory Balakin
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